The Old Persian and Islamic architectural building on the bank of river Yamuna in Agra, India was built by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan during the 17th century. Taj Mahal was resulted because of the great affection of Shah Jahan for his wife Mumtaz Mahal who passed away giving birth to his 14th child Gauhara Begum.
It took 20 years (1632-1653 AD) for 20,000 artisans to frame it. Shah Jahan commissioned Taj Mahal to house the tomb of his wife. Imagining it the home of Mumtaz Mahal at paradise. It was designed by Ahmad Lahori, a Persian architect who also architected Red Fort which is another monumental gift from Mughal emperors.
What makes Taj Mahal an exceptional and tourist catching site?
It is considered one of the extortionate builds which engulfed 32 million rupees during that time. Which became equal to 52.8 billion rupees by 2015. During 1983 Taj Mahal was designated being the jewel of Muslim Art in India by UNESCO heritage site.
A Bengali poet Rabindranath Tagore chronicled it as a tear on the face of eternity. The reason that makes Taj Mahal an exceptional heritage is being an emblem of love and affection. As most of the emperors in the history of subcontinent involvement in poetry and arts.
The white appearing building was made from the high quality of Marble stones from Afghanistan, Tibet, Rajistan, and China which gives it an extraordinary appealing look.
The number of visitors annually attract by Taj Mahal is approximately 7 to 8 million with roundabout more than 0.8 foreign tourists.
Structure of Taj Mahal which gives it an adorable look
It is placed in the total area of 17 hectares equal to 42 acres of land with 73 meters in height. The high level of water was making the soil unsteady. Which was handled by using their engineering technique to encounter such a problem. They made deep wells and filled them with solid materials like rocks to make the base of the tomb.
A massive central Mausoleum along with the four minarets took 12 years to build. All of the four minarets were built in distance from the mausoleum. So that no harm could be done to the tomb in case of falling minarets.
The complex includes a mosque with a guest house and gardens on the three sides which bless it with extra beauty.
The fictitious narratives famous about Taj Mahal
Folktales about a famous person, place or thing are always being the part of a culture. Same is here for the Taj Mahal and Shah Jahan. Many of us have heard the mythical sayings that are famous about the establishment of the Taj Mahal.
Shah Jahan armed off the workers who worked in the construction of the Taj Mahal. So that such unique and marvelous craft cannot be created ever by a man. This is fortunately unreal because Mughal emperors were mind-blowing administrators and well-known for their justice and they had never been the part of such act. As many of the Mughal emperors were fond of making such monumental buildings and Shah Jahan was one of them but he never intended to make it his only ultimate creation.
Another thing about Shah Jahan that he was going to build a Black Taj Mahal across the Yamuna for himself. But Aurangzeb son of Shah Jahan overthrown him made it his uncompleted task. This idea took shape from the writings of the Jean Baptiste Tavernier who was a European writer and traveler. He was among the first to visit Taj Mahal. This legend was supported by the presence of Black Marbles in Mehtab Bagh across the river of Yamuna.