Migration of Birds and Animals: Why do Birds and Animals Migrate?
Bird migration or Migration of birds is a natural process. Migratory birds fly hundreds and thousands of kilometers far away to find the best environment-friendly conditions and habitats for feeding, breeding. When conditions at breeding sites become unsuitable, it is time to fly to regions where conditions are better. Animal migration is the same as bird migration.
Types of Migrating Birds:
- Permanent Residents – They do not migrate, they are able to find an adequate amount of food throughout a year.
- Short Distance Migrants – They move only a short distance.
- Medium Distance Migrants: They moves only from state to state.
- Long-Distance Migrants: They typically Move from the United States to Canada in central and South America.
The most common type of migration of birds and animals are Short distance migrants and long-distance migrants.
Names of Migratory Birds:
- Asiatic Sparrow-Hawk
- Peregrine Falcon
- Pacific Golden Plover
- Eurasian Wigeon
- Greater Flamingo
Names of Migratory Animals:
- African Elephant
- American Buffalo
- American Golden-Plover
- Arctic Tern
- Basking Shark
- Beluga Whale
- Blue Shark
- Bowhead Whale
- Bull Shark
- Canada Goose
- Dogfish Shark
- Fruit Bat
- Hammerhead Shark
- Gray Whale
- Great White Shark
- Greenland Shark
- Hammerhead Shark
- Humpback Whale
- Mako Shark
- Mallard Duck
- Sea Turtle
- Snow Goose
- Tiger Shark
Fun Facts about Bird Migration:
- At least 4,000 species of bird are regular migrants, which is about 40 percent of the total number of birds in the world.
- The Arctic tern has the longest migration of any bird in the world.
- Birds can reach great heights as they migrate.
- Speaking of long distances, the northern weather travels up to 9,000 miles each way between the Arctic and Africa.
- The award for fastest bird goes to the great snipe: It flies around 4,200 miles at speeds of up to 60 mph.
- Migration can be extremely dangerous for birds, and many don’t often make it back to their starting point.
- The large Australian birds, often travel for miles on foot to find food, and many populations of penguins migrate by swimming.
Migration of Birds in Pakistan:
Migration of Birds in India:
India is a winter home for most of the Siberian birds such as Siberian Cranes, Greater Flamingo, and Demoiselle Crane, also numerous species of birds from other regions of the world. These beautiful birds migrate to India every year during the winter and summer seasons for food, breeding, and nesting. There are a number of birds who migrate every year where they can feel comfortable.
Top 10 Most Amazing Migration of Birds and Animals:
- Arctic Tern:
I have the longest migration of any animal of 71,000 kilometers a year. Fly from Greenland and the Arctic to Antarctica; from one end of the world to the other!
- Humpback Whale:
I have the longest migration of any mammal.
How far I travel: One female humpback whale traveled more than 9,800 kilometers.
Where I go: I move from the tropics and head north to my feeding grounds. Not all of our travel together; pregnant whales and those who had calves in the previous year go north first.
- Sooty Shearwaters:
I have the second-longest migration.
How far I travel: 65,000 kilometers
Where I go: I travel from my breeding grounds in New Zealand and Chile north to feeding grounds covering around 724 to 1096 kilometers a day.
- Monarch Butterfly
My migration cycle is longer than my lifespan so no one butterfly makes the entire round trip.
How far I travel: 3,100 kilometers
Where I go: I arrive in Canada in June, then in September (two to three generations later), I head south to Mexico.
- Dragonflies mainly the Globe skimmers
I have the longest known insect migration.
How far I travel: 14,000 – 18,000 kilometres
Where I go: I head out from India to the Maldives, Seychelles, Mozambique, and Uganda, using the wind to help me along. I go through 4 generations for the complete migration cycle.
- Chinook Salmon
I swim upstream to spawn where I was born.
How far I travel: 3,000 kilometers
Where I go: After hatching, I spend time in freshwater from three months to a year. I migrate to the Pacific Ocean, then head back home to the river I was born in to spawn.
- Adélie Penguins
I have the longest migration of all of the penguins.
How far I travel: 17,600 kilometers
Where I go: I follow the sun from the breeding colonies to winter feeding grounds.
- Semipalmated Sandpiper
We fly non-stop over the Atlantic Ocean. The migration is so tough that some young don’t even migrate north until their second year.
How far I travel: 3,000 kilometers
Where I go: In mid-May, I take off from South America heading north towards my breeding grounds in the sub-arctic of Canada and Alaska. In July I head back south again.
- Wildebeest or Gnu
I am continually on the move in search of grass and water.
How far I travel: The Serengeti population of wildebeest is a huge nomadic group that migrates 1,600 kilometers each year.
- Red Crab of Christmas
Our trip is synchronized so all of us move across the island together. There are so many of us that sometimes sections of roads have to be closed to allow us to get through.
How far I travel: 5 kilometers, traveling up to 12 hours over 5 days.
Where I go: At the beginning of the wet season (October/November) I head out from the forest to the coast to breed.