The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) formed in October 1958, heavily influenced by the successful launch of Sputnik by the Soviet Union in 1957. Keep reading, we tell you how NASA was founded.
In October 1958, President Dwight Eisenhower put the National Aeronautics and Space Administration into operation. An entity that is better known as NASA, is a government agency in charge of the civil space program and research in aeronautics and aerospace.
Its creation was the response to the first space maneuvers of the former Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. Because a year earlier, the world power had put Sputnik 1, the first artificial satellite in history, into orbit. Thus they made clear not only his technological supremacy but also his warlike power. And in the middle of the Cold War, the United States perceived it as a threat to its national security. Then Congress reacted and took up the issue.
In this sense, it should be noted that NASA has its predecessor: NACA. It was an organization founded in 1915 to promote aeronautical actions. Since the mid-1940s, the organization has been conducting experiments with rocket aircraft such as the supersonic Bell X-1. And in the early 1950s, he had set himself the goal of launching an artificial satellite on the occasion of the International Geophysical Year. When NASA was founded, it absorbed NACA entirely. That included its 8,000 employees, its $ 100 million annual budget, three major laboratories, and two testing facilities.
50 years after the Arrival of Man on the Moon
Among the great milestones of NASA, the arrival of man on the Moon on July 20, 1969, aboard Apollo XI stands out. Four days earlier, the spacecraft propelled by the Saturn V rocket had taken off from Complex 39A of the Kennedy Space Center in Florida. It had astronauts Neil Armstrong, Edwin Aldrin, and Michael Collins on board. That historic first lunar walk was fundamental for the cooperation, development, assembly, and maintenance of the International Space Station, which today is shared by several countries in the world, including Russia.