Chlamydia is the most common Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD) also known as Sexually Transmitted Infection (STI) in the world. The patient infected with this type of infection usually does not develop symptoms; but, when it does, the clinical picture is very similar to that of gonorrhea, so that it is impossible to distinguish them only by the symptoms.
Because chlamydia is an infection transmitted through sexual intercourse, the most effective way to prevent it is through safe sex, i-e through the use of a condom.
In this article we are going to discuss the following points about chlamydia Infection:
- What is chlamydia?
- Chlamydia Symptoms in men
- Chlamydia Symptoms in Women
- Chlamydia Causes
- Diagnosis of Chlamydia
- Chlamydia Treatment
- Risk Factors
- Important Q&A about Chlamydia Infection
What is chlamydia?
Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted disease STD caused by a bacterium called Chlamydia trachomatis, which can affect both men and women. Not all people infected with chlamydia have symptoms so the infection can go unnoticed for many years. Patients with asymptomatic chlamydia become permanent sources of infection, which is why it is the most common STD in the world.
It is estimated that 5% of the adult population and 10% of the sexually active adolescent population are infected with Chlamydia trachomatis. This type of STI is more common in young people, people who have had many partners in recent years, or people who do not usually use a condom during sex.
It can be transmitted in two ways: through the sexual route (anal, vaginal, or oral) or from mother to child, during the passage of the baby through the vaginal canal at the time of delivery.
As in the case of gonorrhea, in adults and adolescents, the transmission is exclusively through sex. The clam is not acquired in public baths or swimming pools. Like any sexually transmitted infection, it can favor the acquisition and transmission of HIV (human immunodeficiency virus).
As already stated, the majority of patients who are infected with chlamydia do not show any signs and symptoms of the disease. In women, only 10% develop symptoms; in men, the number is a little higher, around 30%. Now, it is important to emphasize that, even without symptoms, the infected person is capable of transmitting the disease to their partners. Women with chlamydial infection (especially that caused by serotype G) have a six times more risk of developing cervical cancer.
In patients who develop symptoms, they usually arise between 1-3 weeks after infection.
Chlamydia Symptoms in Men:
In men, the most common symptoms of chlamydia include:
- White or cloudy discharge from the tip of the penis
- Burning, pain, or discomfort when urinating
- Burning or pain in or around the testicles
- Rectal pain, discharge, and bleeding
- Conjunctivitis (eyes)
- Throat Infection
Chlamydia Symptoms in Women:
In women, the main symptoms of chlamydia are:
- Abnormal Vaginal discharge that may have an odor
- Vaginal bleeding
- Abdominal pain sometimes with fever
- Pain during Sex
- Itching or burning in or around the vagina
- Burning or pain when urinating
The chlamydial infection STD is mainly caused by a bacterium called Chlamydia trachomatis, which can affect both men and women. It is most commonly transmitted through vaginal, oral, and anal intercourse. It is also possible for a mother to transmit chlamydiosis to her child during delivery, causing pneumonia or a serious eye infection to her newborn child.
Diagnosis of Chlamydia
The test to identify chlamydia is done through the urine or sample of material collected with a swab in the vagina, cervix, or urethra. The results are generally available within 24-48 hours.
The treatment of chlamydia is simple and is carried out through the administration of antibiotics. The single dose of Azithromycin 1g is the most prescribed antibiotic. The infected patient must remain at least 7 days without sexual activity after the start of treatment.
An alternative to Azithromycin is Doxycycline for 7 days. In patients with lymphogranuloma venereum or anal chlamydial infection, the Doxycycline regimen is the most indicated.
As the clinical picture of the clam can be very similar to that of gonorrhea, therefore it is common for the doctor to prescribe a treatment that acts on the two bacteria. Generally, Ceftriaxone is associated with Azithromycin.
All the couples of the infected patient should undergo tests and, if necessary, perform a treatment against the clam, even without presenting symptoms.
It is possible to be infected with this type of STD more than once. Having previously had a chlamydial infection does not confer immunity.
Some of the factors that increase the risk of Chlamydia trachomatis infection are:
• Have an active sex life before age 25
• Having had sex with several people during the last year
• Do not use a condom regularly
• Having a history of previous sexually transmitted infections
How it is transmitted?
The main way to get an infection with the clam is through intimate contact without a condom with an infected person, whether oral, vaginal or anal. In this way, people who have several sexual partners have a higher risk of having the disease.
In addition to this, chlamydia can also be transmitted from mother to child during delivery; this occurs when the pregnant woman has the infection and did not perform the appropriate treatment during pregnancy.
How to prevent it?
The safest way to avoid a Chlamydia trachomatis infection is to abstain from having sex. Without getting to that, you can:
- Use Condom
- Limit the number of sexual partners
- Do screening test regularly
- Avoid vaginal washes
Is Chlamydia Curable?
Yes, it is curable, it can be easily cured with the use of antibiotics for 7 days. However, to guarantee the cure, the use of a condom during intimate contact is recommended.
Even in people with HIV, the infection can be cured in the same way, there is no need for another type of treatment or hospitalization.
Can you get Chlamydia by kissing?
Chlamydia cannot be transmitted by hugging, kissing, or sharing cutlery, food or drink, or through toilets and doorknobs.
How long does it take to get rid of chlamydia?
This infection can be cured with the correct use of antibiotics for 7 days. If you complete your prescribed course and avoid having sex for seven days, it is cured.
Does chlamydia go away?
Yes, with the correct use of antibiotics prescribed course according to the instructions of doctors, the infection will be cured completely and go away.